It is perhaps not surprising that many of the top ranked countries are the well developed economies of the world. The Nordic countries, all being in the top 10 (and 3 in the top 5), largely lead the way. These countries score consistently highly across all dimensions (as do virtually all of the countries in the top 25). However, two dimensions in particular, contribute most positively to the Nordic countries’ Indigo Score: Creativity & Innovation and Freedom.

The Asia-Pacific region in represented in the top 25 by Japan (9th), Australia (10th), Singapore (15th), New Zealand (19th) and South Korea (23rd). Again, while these countries score highly across most dimensions, there are certain aspects that stand out as relative positive or negative influences on their overall Indigo Scores – for example:

  • Japan rates as the strongest country in the world for Economic Diversity
  • Singapore rates below the global average on Freedom
  • New Zealand sees its overall score adversely impacted by relatively weaker performance in Creativity & Innovation and Digital Economy
  • South Korea is adversely impacted by weaker performance on Stability and Freedom
  • Perhaps the most surprising entry in the top 25 is Estonia, which ranks 15th. It has a history of occupations over the centuries, but seems to be flourishing as a modern democracy. It has become well known for its grasp of technology and its education system, and these are certainly very positive influences on its Indigo Score.


The countries that rank lowest are, not surprisingly, beset by significant issues – wars, political or ethnic violence, dictatorships, corruption, famines, refugee crises, mass migrations and so on. Their issues are so serious that many of these countries struggle to function effectively, and this is obviously reflected in the data with low to extremely low scores across the majority of dimensions.


There is a strong link between the Indigo Score and GDP per capita, with a high correlation of 0.7.

The relationship is exponential – as the Indigo Score gets higher, the differential in GDP per Capita gets ever wider. At an Indigo Score of 100 (the global average), we would expect GDP per Capita to be US $5,462.

Nordic Countries

The Nordic countries perform consistently well across all dimensions and all rank in the Top 10. Relative to their very high scores across all dimensions, it is Creativity & Innovation and Freedom where they are most positive, while Economic Diversity is not quite as strong for them as the other factors (but still very strong relative to other countries).


We have already seen how highly ranked Estonia is (15th), but the other Baltic states of Latvia (32nd) and Lithuania (30th) also have very strong Indigo Scores. Their profiles are very similar across the key dimensions of the Indigo Score, with Creativity & Innovation being the key positive driver, while Economic Diversity pulls their scores down (though still strong on a global basis). All three countries have come a remarkably long way in the past few decades – and possibly embody the core themes of the Indigo Score more than any other country.